English Learning: Types of Play in Literature or Drama

Play is a form of literature that uses dialogue and action to tell a story. Plays are usually performed on a stage by actors who take on the roles of the characters.

There are many different types of play, each with its own style, tone, and purpose. Some of the most common types of play are comedy, tragedy, tragicomedy, history, and Roman.

In this article, we will explore each type of play


Tragedy is a type of story or play where the main character or protagonist faces a series of unfortunate events and circumstances that lead to their downfall.

Tragic stories often involve great suffering, loss, and sadness, and they usually end with the death or destruction of the protagonist or other characters.

Tragedy is not just about sadness and loss, but it also explores important themes and ideas about human nature, morality, and the consequences of our actions.

In many tragic stories, the main character has a fatal flaw or weakness that leads to their downfall, which teaches us valuable lessons about the importance of self-awareness, humility, and the consequences of our actions.

One of the most famous tragedy plays in literature is William Shakespeare’s “Hamlet”. The play tells the story of Prince Hamlet of Denmark, who seeks revenge against his uncle, Claudius, for killing his father and marrying his mother.

Throughout the play, Hamlet struggles with his own thoughts and emotions, leading to a tragic ending where almost all of the main characters meet their demise. “Hamlet” is considered one of the greatest works of literature and has been widely studied and performed for centuries.


Comedy is a type of story or play that is meant to be funny and make people laugh. Comedies often involve humorous situations, witty dialogue, and amusing characters that entertain the audience.

Comedy can be a lighthearted escape from the stresses of everyday life and can help us feel happier and more relaxed.

An example of a comedy in a drama play is William Shakespeare’s “A Midsummer Night’s Dream”. The play tells the story of several intertwined plots, including the adventures of four young lovers and a group of amateur actors who get mixed up with a mischievous fairy king and queen.

The play is filled with hilarious situations and clever wordplay, and it ultimately ends happily with the various characters finding love and happiness. “A Midsummer Night’s Dream” is a great example of how comedy can be used to entertain audiences while exploring important themes and ideas, such as love, relationships, and the human condition.


As a dad, I would explain to my child that tragicomedy is a type of story or play that combines elements of both tragedy and comedy.

Tragicomedies often feature characters and situations that are both funny and serious, and they can switch between humor and tragedy very quickly.

Tragicomedies can be a great way to explore complex themes and ideas in a way that is both entertaining and thought-provoking.

An example of a tragicomedy in a drama play is William Shakespeare’s “The Tempest”. The play tells the story of a sorcerer named Prospero, who is stranded on a deserted island with his daughter and the magical spirits he controls.

The play is filled with humor, including several comedic characters and situations, but it also deals with serious themes such as betrayal, forgiveness, and the consequences of our actions.

Despite the tragic elements of the story, the play ultimately ends on a positive note, with the characters finding happiness and redemption. “The Tempest” is a great example of how tragicomedy can be used to create a powerful and engaging story that combines both laughter and tears.


A history play is a type of drama that is based on historical events and characters. History plays often dramatize important historical events, figures, and conflicts in order to explore and understand the past.

These plays can help us learn about important moments in history and can offer insights into the political, social, and cultural contexts of the time.

An example of a history play is William Shakespeare’s “Henry V”. The play tells the story of King Henry V of England, who led his troops to victory against the French at the Battle of Agincourt during the Hundred Years’ War.

The play is filled with historical details and characters, including many of the real-life figures who played important roles in the conflict. Through its portrayal of Henry V and his soldiers, the play explores themes such as leadership, patriotism, and the cost of war. “Henry V” is a great example of how history plays can use drama to bring the past to life and help us better understand the events and people that shaped our world.


Melodrama is a genre of drama that emphasizes exaggerated emotions, stereotypical characters, and simplified moral conflicts. In a melodrama, the characters are often portrayed as either completely good or completely evil, and the plot often revolves around a crisis that must be resolved by the hero or heroine.

An example of a play that is considered a melodrama is “The Drunkard” by W. H. Smith. This play tells the story of a man who falls into a life of alcoholism and must struggle to overcome his addiction and regain the love of his family.

The characters in the play are portrayed in exaggerated ways, with the villain being completely evil and the hero being completely good. The play is known for its use of musical numbers and its melodramatic plot.


A musical is a form of theatrical performance that combines spoken dialogue, acting, and singing, with a focus on music and songs as an integral part of the storytelling.

Musicals often have a dramatic or comedic plot, and use songs and dances to further develop the story, reveal character emotions and motivations, and create a more engaging and immersive experience for the audience.

An example of a play that is considered a musical is “The Phantom of the Opera” by Andrew Lloyd Webber. This musical tells the story of a mysterious figure who haunts the Paris Opera House and becomes obsessed with a young soprano.

The show is known for its iconic songs, such as “The Music of the Night” and “All I Ask of You,” and its elaborate set designs and costumes. It has been performed all over the world and is one of the most successful musicals of all time.


Absurdist drama is a form of drama that emphasizes the absurdity and meaninglessness of human existence. This genre often features characters who are trapped in situations that are illogical or impossible to escape, and who struggle to find meaning or purpose in their lives.

An example of a play that is considered absurdist is “Waiting for Godot” by Samuel Beckett. This play follows two characters, Vladimir and Estragon, as they wait for someone named Godot who never arrives.

The play is known for its circular, repetitive structure, and its use of humor and metaphor to explore existential themes such as the search for meaning and the human condition. “Waiting for Godot” is one of the most famous absurdist plays and has been performed all over the world.